Prideaux John Selby (British, 1788-1867), “Hooded Crow” (variant)
Prideaux John Selby (British, 1788-1867)
“Hooded Crow” (variant)
Original watercolor prepared for Plate 29 of Illustrations of British Ornithology
Watercolor, gouache, grey and brown washes, pen and black ink on paper
London, ca. 1820
Paper size: 15 3/4 x 10 1/4 in
Frame size: 27 1/2 x 34 in
In the northern counties of England they resort most to the sea-shore, where they feed upon shell-fish*, and substances thrown up by the tides; and will sometimes scoop out the stalk of the sea-tangle (Fucus saccharinusj, when detached from the rocks by the violence of the waves. They frequent the extensive downs in the southern counties, where they feed in company with others of the genus, upon grain, worms, and carrion. Their note is harsh, rather shriller than that of the Carrion-Crow, and easily distinguished from it. According to Temminck, they are found throughout the mountainous districts of the east of Europe, and are common in the Alps, where they breed.
Plate 29- Figure of the natural size. General Bill strong, and in shape very similar to that of the Raven, or to that of the Rook, as Pennant asserts, colour black. Head, throat, wings, and tail black, with blue and greenish reflections. Neck and the rest of the body smoke-grey, the shafts of the feathers being dark. Tail rounded at the end. Irides brown. Legs and toes plated, black. Sometimes this bird varies in colour, and is found entirely white, or black.”
Considered by many as the English equivalent of Audubon, Prideaux John Selby created some of the most memorable bird images of the nineteenth-century. His contributions to British ornithology were rivaled only by those of John Gould. Yet, his pictures were larger and less purely scientific, exhibiting Selby’s distinctive and charming style. A sense of Selby’s enthusiasm for his subjects is nowhere more palpable than in his engaging original watercolors. Selby executed these delightful images as preparatory models for his landmark printed series, Illustrations of British Ornithology. While the artist’s engraved work is highly desirable to collectors, Selby’s original watercolors rarely become available. This selection of watercolors, moreover, comprises several of his masterpieces. The distinctive birds are depicted in profile, their forms delineated by softly modulated tones of black and gray wash. The setting, if present, is lightly but skillfully painted to not distract from the birds themselves. The skill and delicacy of Selby’s touch, his keen powers of observation, and his artistic sensitivity are conveyed here in a way they are not in his printed work. Several of the drawings are by Selby’s brother-in-law, Robert Mitford, but signed in Selby’s hand.
Born in Northumberland and educated at University College, Oxford, Selby was a landowner and squire with ample time to devote to studying the plant and animal life at his country estate, Twizell House. As a boy, he had studied the habits of local birds, drawn them, and learned how to preserve and set up specimens. Later, Selby became an active member of several British natural history societies and contributed many articles to their journals. Although Selby was interested in botany and produced a History of British Trees in 1842, he is best known for his Illustrations of British Ornithology. Selby’s work was the first attempt to create a set of life-sized illustrations of British birds, remarkable for their naturalism and the delicacy of their execution. The British Ornithology was issued in nineteen parts over thirteen years; the book consisted of 89 plates of land birds and 129 plates of water birds, engraved by William Lizars of Edinburgh, the printer who engraved the first ten plates of Audubon’s Birds of America.
With their rich detail and tonal range, these exquisite watercolors are beautiful works by one of the foremost British bird painters. Furthermore, they represent a singular opportunity to obtain a unique piece of the highest quality by this luminary artist, from an era in British ornithological art that remains unparalleled.
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