Maria Sibylla Merian (German, 1647-1717), Plate 52. The Orange Tree and the Giant Silkworm
Maria Sibylla Merian (German, 1647-1717)
“Plate 52. The Orange Tree (Malas arantia lusitanica) and the Giant Silkworm (Bombyx atlas)”
from The Insects of Surinam
Watercolor and bodycolor with gum arabic over lightly etched outlines on paper
Inscribed in pencil upper right ‘52’ and in ink ‘Bombyx atlas’ and ‘Malas arantia lusitanica’
Paper size: 19 ¾ x 13 ¾ in.
MARIA SIBYLLA MERIAN (German, 1647-1717)
Transfer-print watercolors from The Insects of Surinam
This large attractive silk moth, Rothschildia aurota (Cramer), usually has two or three generations each year; the adults are seen during October and January. The larvae pupate in a large silk cocoon and Merian observed, “…they spin a strong thread which made me think it might make good silk; I therefore gathered some and sent it to Holland where it was considered good; so if someone were to take the trouble to gather these caterpillars it would provide good silk and yield a great profit.” The larva feeds on a range of plants, and is shown here feeding on a branch of the Seville, Bitter or Sour Orange, Citrus aurantium (Linnaeus). Merian wrote that these plants “…grow very high in Surinam as high as the tallest apple trees in Europe. The leaves are glossy green, the blossom is white and strongly scented…”
Descriptions of each plant adapted from J.Harvey’s commentary to the Folio Society facsimile of the Surinam Album (London, 2006) and Merian’s text for the Insects of Surinam.
One glimpse of any of Merian’s transfer-print watercolors from the Insects of Surinam reveals the main reasons for such celebration. Even to those who do not know of her work, this is a stunning sight. Her colors are alternately subtle and vibrant, capturing the quality of her subjects with striking naturalism. Yet while she maintains a scientist’s eye for precision, her creative decisions and compositions give these images a style that is distinctly hers. Each image demonstrates Merian’s masterful grasp of detail and nuance, as well as her outstanding ability to combine science and art. Equally significant, to early 18th century Europeans, her illustrations represented the first views of these American plants and insects.
These spectacular examples of her work are from one of a very few transfer-print watercolor volumes known to exist. Merian herself prepared the volume. After an uncolored print was made, she applied dampened paper to it, pressing by hand to create an image of the print in reverse. In this volume, she chose to block out the plate numbers and then add by hand, to some images, numbers, and notations. Merian then painstakingly watercolored the dried paper herself, ensuring that the colors were true to the specimens she had seen in South America, and also allowing her style to emerge with the greatest clarity. The volume was not meant for sale, and its intended purpose cannot be known with any certainty. Perhaps it was created as a gift for a wealthy and important patron, perhaps Merian meant to keep it herself. What can be stated without a doubt is that these splendid images represent a unique opportunity to acquire original works by an artist who broke barriers as a woman, as a scientist and artist, and whose accomplishments are no less impressive today than they were in her time.
Please feel free to contact us with questions by phone at 215.735.8811,
or by email at loricohen@aradergalleries.
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