Margaret Mee (British, 1909-1988), Sobralia Margaritae - Sobralia sp.
Margaret Mee (British, 1909-1988)
Sobralia Margaritae - Sobralia sp.
An Orchid Discovered by Mee and Named for Her
Gouache over pencil on paper removed from sketchbook
Inscribed with location “Rio Urupadi Maues Am[zonas].”, and further inscribed “petals cream/ shadows green/upper sepal green (pale olive)/ labelli -- / cream/ purple (red)/ turn over & lines/ ‘seatless’ yellow.”, ‘Igarape of Rio Amazonas?”, and “m.n.+1/3"
Image size: 8 x 11 1/2 in
Provenance: Margaret Mee
Reproduced: R.L.A. Stiff Margaret Mee. Return to the Amazon (London: 1996), p. 140 (detail)
A field sketch of the Sobralia margaritae, a plant discovered by Mee during her eight journey in 1972, and named for her. Navigating the Rio Maues, Mee’s pilot Severino “found his way into a tributary of the river, Rio Amena, and thence into a lovely igarape [ie small stream] where low palms growing in the water covered it with a blue haze and from their midst rose trees like columns in a Gothic cathedral. I scanned these trees for epiphytes, and on one of the tallest saw, with excitement, a huge wreath of orchids encircling the trunk. It was a Sobralia, without a doubt, and a giant of that genus. Bento, in his enthusiasm, would have thrown down the whole clump had I not restrained him, stipulating a maximum of three plants. They were without flowers, but later it flowered and was found to be a new species and was named Sobralia margaritae [b Guido Pabst]” (Flores do Amazonas. Flowers of the Amazon (Sao Cristovao, Rio de Janeiro: 1980), no. 17. This sketch is probably an early depiction of the Sobralia margaritae -- which was named by Pabst in or before 1977, the date of the finished painting which bears the full name -- and is particularly interesting for Mee’s technical annotations describing the colors of the flower, which provide a fascinating insight into her working methods.
MARGARET MEE (BRITISH, 1909-1988)
Unlike Amazon botanical artists before her, Margaret worked entirely from living plants. Her fifteen expeditions into the interior, mostly to Amazonia, involved traveling and living under the most primitive conditions. She would draw at night by torchlight to capture rare nocturnal flowers, and this immediacy gave her paintings an accuracy, depth, and color unrivaled by her predecessors. Her travels coincided with the beginning of the commercial exploitation of the forest, and she expressed her fury at the damage caused to the land and its peoples” (DNB).
Mee’s magnificent botanical paintings, most based on specimens collected during her own expeditions, includes several illustrations and descriptions of plants either recently discovered (one by Mee herself) or never previously illustrated, as explained in the preface by Sir George Taylor, Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, who compares Mee’s paintings favorably to the work of her predecessor C.F. P. von Martius, author of the Flora brasiliensis (1840-1906). 17 plant families are represented, with each section introduced by one of 10 different botanist contributors. The plates are accompanied by detailed part-scientific, part-anecdotal descriptions by the artist. Some are quite poignant, for Mee experienced first-hand the tremendous losses to the world’s ecological resources that began occurring in the 20th century. Noting, for example, that in previous years she was able to find the rare Brazilian orchid Laelia purpurata “in the swampy forests around Ubatuba,” she deplores the fact that “these wonderful coastal forests are being steadily destroyed, often for use as firewood! With them perish untold numbers of animals and plants. So the advance of civilisation and industrialization proceeds at the cost of the total destruction of all that is most beautiful and precious in creation” (text to Plate 13).
Margaret Mee was in her forties when she first visited Brazil with her husband Greville Mee. They moved there soon after, and it was at the age of 47 that she made her first expedition up the Amazon. Over the next 32 years, she made a number of further trips up the Amazon and in coastal areas of Brazil, some of them lasting for four months. During these years, she continued to paint and draw what she saw and kept diaries of her travels, later published. In 1988, at the age of 79 and shortly after completing another Amazon trip, Mee came to England to lecture to the Royal Geographic Society and to attend the opening of an exhibition of her paintings at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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